This month’s Herptile Spotlight is focusing on one of the most famous reptiles that exists ONLY in our country …. Our pride animal, the Komodo Dragon.
Komodo (Varanus komodoensis), is the largest lizard in the world (about 2-3 meters). They live in the islands of komodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Montang and Gili Dasami. In the province of Nusa Tenggara. You can see it in the map. We added blue arrow to let you know where we live 🙂 (The map is borrowed from wikipedia-Indonesia).
The Komodos live under the protection of our government. The government had made the islands into a National Park. It is prohibited to kill Komodo and they live together with the people in those islands.
In the wild, Komodo can be as heavy as 70 kilograms, but Komodo which lived zoo or reservation can be much bigger. Although Komodo is considered as the largest lizard, but it is not the longest one. The longest lizard is biawak Papua (Varanus salvadorii). Komodo’s saliva contains dangerous bacteria. When a Komodo bites big animal such as buffalo, it sends its saliva along with the bacteria into the buffalo’s meat. The Komodo will walk close by from its victim and waits until the victim died because of the bacteria. The male is bigger than the female.
The male has grey or red-brick color, while the female is a bit greenish. It doesn’t have good hearing ability but has great eyesight, it can see as far as 300meters. It is said that Komodo can differentiate colors but it cannot differentiate non-moving object. Komodo uses its tongue to detect and smell something. It can detect a carcass which lies as far as 4-9.5 kilometers. Some of its scales are strengthen with bone and has sensory ability. Its tail is also one of their weapon, it can become a dangerous whip.
I don’t think Komodo is a good pet…not because it can’t be tamed (I believe all animals can be tamed, it all depend on the owner) but it is because Komodo is an animal which almost extinct. It better to leave them live in their habitat. Komodo is put into one of Indonesian currencies. (Picture is taken from here)
We hope you enjoy this edition of Herptile Spotlight 🙂 You can check the official-site for The Komodo National Park
Komodo National Park is located in the center of the Indonesian archipelago, between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores. Established in 1980, initially the main purpose of the Park was to conserve the unique Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) and its habitat. However, over the years, the goals for the Park have expanded to protecting its entire biodiversity, both terrestrial and marine. In 1986, the Park was declared a World Heritage Site and a Man and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, both indications of the Park’s biological importance.
Look at how beautiful the island is. Mommy hopes that one day she can visit the island.
Here are another shot by our Mommy
See you next month for another highlight on the herptile world 🙂
Note: I translated this article from Wikipedia-Indonesia.